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Liquid Copper

 

T. J. Clark Liquid Copper: 

Copper (Cu) is a trace element that is essential for most animals, including humans. The influence of copper upon human health is due to the fact it is part of enzymes, which are proteins that help biochemical reactions occur in every cell. Copper is involved in the absorption, storage and metabolism of iron. The symptoms of a copper deficiency are similar to iron deficiency anemia. Copper may be absorbed by both the stomach and small intestinal mucosa, with most absorbed by the small intestine. Copper is found in the blood bound to proteins. 

Copper is utilized by most cells as a component of enzymes involved in energy production (cytochrome oxidase) and in the protection of cells from free radical damage (superoxide dismutase). Copper is also involved with an enzyme that strengthens connective tissue (lysyl oxidase) and in brain neurotransmitters (dopamine hydroxylase and peptidyl alpha amidating monoxygenase). One of the proteins, ceruloplasmin, transports copper as well as helps convert iron to a form that can be transported to other tissues. The average level of copper stored in the body is from 50 to 120 mg, with most of this in the liver. Excess dietary copper can also lead to high copper levels in the kidney. However, under normal situations, not much copper is excreted via the urine. Most copper is excreted via bile that is released into the gastrointestinal tract, with minimal copper reabsorbed by intestinal cells. The uptake of copper and elimination through the bile allows copper to be conserved and tightly regulated.  

Deficiencies: Animals that are fed diets deficient in copper often exhibit anemia, cardiac abnormalities such as blood vessel and heart rupture, abnormal EKG's and have elevated levels of serum cholesterol, triglycerides and glucose. A lifetime of marginal diet copper in humans is thought to lead to heart disease. Copper deficiency has been observed in premature infants and infants suffering from malnutrition. Overt symptoms in adults are rare, but may occur with long term shortage or, possibly, in those who consume zinc supplements for a period of time.  

Diet recommendations: The estimated safe and adequate intake for copper is 1.5 - 3.0 mg/day. Many survey studies show that Americans consume about 1.0 mg or less of copper per day. Copper is found in foods such as nuts [0.2 to 0.5 mg/28 g (1 Tbsp.)], shellfish (1.0 to 3.7 mg/serving), organ meats (3.8 mg/serving of beef liver) and legumes (0.2 mg/serving). Grains, grain products and chocolate have appreciable levels of copper. While these food items are good to excellent sources of copper, the absolute amount of copper absorbed may be influenced by other dietary components.  
Copper absorption may be decreased by excess dietary iron or zinc. Conversely, too much copper may cause an iron deficiency. Vitamin C supplementation results in decreased copper status. In rats, large doses of vitamin C can lead to copper deficiency. Other dietary components have an influence upon copper status, but not necessarily absorption. Feeding rats either sucrose or fructose, as opposed to glucose or cornstarch, decreases copper status and exacerbates the signs of copper deficiency.  

Toxicity: Cases of copper toxicity are rare but may occur. Excess copper consumption may lead to liver damage. Intake of supplements exceeding 3 mg copper/day for a protracted period of time may be cause for concern. Doses of 10 mg/day over several weeks may lead to toxic symptoms, such as weakness and nausea.  

Genetic Conditions relating to copper: There are two well known genetic diseases affecting copper metabolism. Menkes' kinky-hair disease is a problem with copper transport or absorption. Wilson's disease is characterized by increased liver copper content, leading to severe hepatic damage, followed by increased brain copper levels and neurological problems. Menkes' disease results in pathology resembling copper-deficiency, as opposed to the pathology of Wilson's disease, which resembles copper-toxicity. The Menkes' gene codes for a P-type ATPase that has a mutation that prevents copper absorption in the intestine. 

IMPORTANCE: 

Helps oxidize glucose and release energy. 
Helps the body absorb iron. 
Aids the thyroid gland in balancing and secreting hormones. 
Carries oxygen in the blood stream. 
Supplies the body's tissues with oxygen 
Increases the body's energy levels. 
Aids in nerve and brain function 
Needed for the functioning of the amino acid, tyrosine. 
Essential for making red blood cells. 
Helps the body absorb iron. 
Helps tyrosine work as a pigment factor 
Helps supply oxygen to the brain. 
Enzyme component 
Necessary for the synthesis of the hormone adrenaline. 
Associated with intestinal enzyme activity. 
Acts as a brain stimulant 
Copper antagonizes manganese ions. 
Copper level in the body parallels estrogen levels. 
Copper is a natural yeast fighter 
Copper improves epinephrine, norepinephrine and dopamine. 
helps oxidize Vitamin C and works with Vitamin C to form Elastin, a chief
component of the Elastin muscle fibers throughout the body; aids in the
formation of red blood cells 



DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS: 

Physical Symptoms of Low Copper:

Not enough oxygen in the cells 
Lowered levels of HDL cholesterol 
Skin problems 
Swollen ankles 
Anemia 
Low copper causes the cells to suffocate and lack oxygen 
Low copper levels linked to low enkephalins produced in the brain. 

Psychological Symptoms of Low Copper:

Auditory hallucinations 
Depression 
Binge eaters have been found to have lower levels. 

Causes of Low Copper:

Refining white flour 
Alkaline medium inhibits copper. 
Copper deficiency occurs as a result of the administration of total parenteral
nutrition ( Nutritional intravenous feeding). 
Excess accumulates in liver, kidneys and brain. 
Phytates hinder absorption 
High levels of zinc, iron, calcium and manganese interfere with copper
absorption 

THE MEDICAL CONDITIONS THAT CAUSES LOW COPPER:

Conditions are rare, but common in infants who are premature.

Menkes' syndrome is a hereditary disorder causing copper deficiency.
Symptoms: kinky hair, mental retardation, and low copper level in the blood and a
failure to synthesize the enzymes that require copper.

HIGH COPPER

Copper levels are more often too high than too low. High copper can be toxic.

Physical Symptoms of High Copper:

Headaches 
Hypoglycemia 
Increased heart rate 
Nausea 
Copper deposits in the brain and liver causing damage. 
Damage to the kidneys 
Inhibit urine production 
Causes anemia 
Causes hair loss in women 
High copper interferes with zinc, which is needed to manufacture digestive
enzymes. Many high copper people dislike protein and are drawn to
high-carbohydrate diets because they have difficulty digesting protein foods. 
Excessive copper in children is associated with hyperactive behavior, learning
disorders such as dyslexia, ADD and infections such as ear. 

Psychological Symptoms of High Copper:

Autism type symptoms 
Depression 
Hallucinations 
Hyperactivity 
Insomnia 
Paranoia 
Personality changes 
Psychosis 
Schizophrenic type symptoms 
Overstimulation 
Disperception of the senses, time, body, self and others. 
Produces hypomanic states 
Detachment from reality 

Causes of High Copper:

Excess estrogen in the meat supply ( estrogen used as a growth hormone in
the meat industry was discontinued in the 80's and replaced with
testosterone, etc.) 
Birth control pill 
Use of prescription medications containing copper. 
Smoking 
Too much copper in drinking water 
Zinc and manganese deficiency raises copper levels. 
Copper lowers the histamine levels. 
It takes 3 months to lower the level in the body. 

_______________________________________________________________

THE MEDICAL CONDITIONS THAT CAUSE HIGH COPPER:

Wilson's Disease is a condition that causes copper to accumulate in the tissues and
cause extensive damage. Affects 1 in 30,000 people. The liver does not secrete
copper into the blood or excrete copper into the bile. Low blood levels, high in the
brain, eyes and liver causes cirrhosis. First symptoms: brain damage, tremors,
headaches, inability to speak, incoordination and psychosis.

Treatment:

The administration of total parenteral nutrition (nutritional intravenous
feeding). 
An important way to reduce high copper levels is to enhance the activity of
the adrenal glands. The adrenals cause the liver to secrete ceruloplasmin,
which binds and removes copper. Adrenal underactivity causes a deficiency
of available copper, and allows unbound copper to build up in the tissues.
Adrenal glandular substance is also frequently helpful. 
Exercise temporarily stimulates the adrenals, which helps eliminate copper.
One needs to keep exercising or the copper toxicity symptoms, fatigue,
mood swings and depression will return. 

Temporary controls; coffee, caffeine in soda and some drugs



Copper Food Sources:

Whole grain cereals 
Legumes 
Oysters 
Organ meats 
Cherries 
Dark chocolate 
Fruits 
Leafy green vegetables 
Nuts 
Poultry 
Prunes 
Soybeans 
Tofu 
Organ meats, 
Shellfish, 
Nuts 
Legumes. 

Nutrient partners:

Works with iron, zinc, manganese and B-6 
Needed in the utilization of Vitamin C 
Should be balanced with zinc in a 1:10 ratio 
Copper and pantothenic acid are related to hair color. 
Excess copper destroys Vitamin C. 
Necessary for the absorption of iron. 
Found in copper plumbing, vitamin and mineral pills, tea bags, cooking
utensils 
Zinc, manganese, vitamin C and B-6, folic acid, sulfur and molybdenum are
also copper antagonists, chelators or binders. 

Copper has been used to Successfully treat:

Auditory Hallucinations 
Depression 
Histaperia Schizophrenia 

 

Supplement Facts

Serving Size: 1 Teaspoon (5ml)

Serving Per Container:47

 

Amount

per serving

% USRDA

Calories 4 <2
Total Carbohydrate 1 g <2
Total Fat 0 g 0
Sodium 0 g 0
Copper 2 mg **
Phytogenic Mineral Catalyst

100 mcg

**

Calcium, Chloride, Cobalt, Chromium, Magnesium, Boron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Selenium, Iron, Copper, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Potassium, Iodine and Zinc

* Percent Daily Values based on a 2,000 calorie diet

** No daily value established

Directions: Take 5 ml once daily with food

* This statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drag Administration.

This products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

 

 

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*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

The information on this site is not meant to serve as a medical prescription for you. It is intended to be used only for informational purposes. This information is not a substitute for advice provided by your own health care provider. You should always consult with a medical professional before taking any new dietary supplement